Terpineol

Terpineol, also known as α-terpineol, is naturally found in 150+ plants, including cannabis. 

It occurs naturally in lilacs, lime blossoms, pine trees, and eucalyptus sap. 

Plants containing Terpineol were used as natural medicine for centuries.

It is a European traditional medicine for coughs, colds, and flu treatments. 

Terpineol smells like a herbal, lapsang souchong tea 

Surprisingly, Terpineol is also most common terpene containing high levels of pinene. 

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Different Types Of Terpineol Isomer

Terpineol is any of four isomeric monoterpenoids, i.e., α-, β-, γ-terpineol, and terpinen-4-ol. In most of case, Terpineol is usually a mixture of β-, γ-terpineol, and terpinen-4-ol isomers with α-terpineol as the major constituent.

  • α-Terpineol: Alpha Terpineol, other than pine and petitgrain, is the most common terpineol isomer found in cannabis, having a wide range of biological applications such as anticancer, antioxidant, anticonvulsant, antihypertensive, antiulcer, and anti-nociceptive compound. That’s why it is broadly used in several therapeutic applications. 

  • β-Terpineol: Beta Terpineol is cyclohexanol having additional methyl and propenyl substituents. It has a strong, woody–earthy odor and plays a role as a plant metabolite. β-Terpineol is usually found in cannabis products, but it’s far less common than alpha isomer.

  • Γ-Terpineol: Γ-Terpineol, also termed as Gamma-terpineol, is a p-menthane monoterpenoid. The only thing that differentiates Γ-Terpineol from beta terpineol is the location of a double-bond.

  • Terpinen-4-ol: Terpinen-4-ol is extracted from leaves and shrubs of Melaleuca alternifolia tree, which contains 4% of cineole and 11 X terpinen-4-ol. The extracted oil has shown antimicrobial activity. 

Application & Uses

Beta pinene incorporates Bronchodilator, anti-inflammatory properties, which can increase mental alertness and overall cognitive functions.

Further studies have proved their usefulness in bronchodilation, pain relief, neuroprotection, epilepsy and cancer treatment. Beta pinenes are also globally recognized as an antidepressant, antiseptic, and antioxidant and can be used to treat conditions like arthritis or fibromyalgia.

As of now, Beta pinene has the following uses:

  • B-pinene is used as the raw material of synthetic Myrcene.

  • B-pinene can synthesize Linalool, Geraniol, Nerol, Myrac aldehyde, Lyral, Ambergris and other essences.

  • B-pinene is used in everyday chemicals like phenyl or other industry applications.

High Terpineol Strains

Jack Herer

White Widow

GSC (f.k.a Girl Scout Cookies)

OG Kush.

Plants having Terpineol

Cardamom

Cajuput oil

Pine oil,

Petitgrain oil

Terpineol’s potential medical benefits

α-terpineol is highly used in hygiene products like soaps, oils, and lotions. Its floral aroma are often found in perfumes. However, the desirability of terpineol is not restricted to its fragrance.  Terpineol’s provide a host of medical benefits to humans and animals. Experts claim that α-terpineol have showed preliminary potential in treating opioid addiction.

  • Anti-inflammatory

  • Antimalarial

  • Anxiolytic

  • Antibiotic

  • Antioxidant

  • Anti-tumor

  • Sedative

Application and uses
  • Ingredient of Pharmaceutical

  • Ingredient of Cleaning

  • Ingredient of Disinfection

  • Ethyl cellulose Solvent

  • Synthetic Fragrances

  • Plasticizer of Epoxy Resins

Research published in the Anticancer Research journal highlights that terpineol has the potential to prevent tumor growth and help fight cancer. The study further concludes that terpineol tends to work gently in patients suffering from small cell lung carcinoma. It is one of the most popular terpenes that delivers an entourage effect. However, solid evidence of its practicality for medicinal and therapeutic values is yet to be discovered.